CLASS 1/2 1600
Limited Open Wheel
* Updated December 30th, 2020 *
Click here to download a PDF.
Limited 4 open wheel single and two seat vehicles. Engine limited to 1600cc VW type-1 air cooled engine.
Entrants in this class shall comply with all applicable general regulations.
This class is an open class and all components will be considered open unless restricted herein.
NOTE: The TR abbreviations listed under this class (I.E. TR1 HELMETS) refer to TR cross reference listings in the front of this book. These TR cross-referenced listings are part of the class rules. Where a conflict occurs between the TR cross-referenced listing and a rule contained under this class, the rule contained under this class takes priority.
TR2 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
TR3 EYE PROTECTION and DENTURES
TR4 HEAD AND NECK RESTRAINTS
TR5 FIRST AID KIT
TR6 EMERGENCY SIGNALING DEVICES
TR9 FIRE SUPPRESSION EQUIPMENT
TR10 SURVIVAL SUPPLIES
Front suspension is based on VW Type 1 ball joint or link pin style. Any manufacturer’s beam of two (2) steel torsion tubes may be used but must remain stock VW width. Front axle torsion tube centers may be cut, rotated and rewelded to increase ground clearance. Torsion adjusters are allowed. Tube vertical center spacing is open. Any manufacturer’s torsion bars are allowed.
Front trailing arms (torsion arms) may be reinforced or replaced as long as stock VW width and length are retained. Suspension limiters are allowed. Spindles, link pins, ball joints, and shock mounting locations are open.
Front suspension track width will be measured from wheel mounting face to wheel mounting face; the maximum width is 55.75 inches.
Rear suspension is based on VW Type 1 IRS or swing axle. IRS swing arms may be modified or replaced for strengthening purposes as long as stock VW IRS swing arm length is retained 1″. The stock VW dimension between the centerline of the rear torsion housing to the centerline of the rear stub axle (16.250″) must be retained 1″. Outboard bus reduction gears are allowed. Any manufacturer’s axle assemblies are allowed as long as original VW type suspension is retained, this includes the use of “micro stub hubs”. Rear torsion tube may be additionally supported or replaced but must remain steel and retain stock VW width. Torsion adjusters are allowed. A single torsion bar per wheel of any manufacture is allowed. Torsion bars must remain inside the torsion housing. Torsion bars must be connected to the trailing arm with steel spring plates of any manufacture.
Rear suspension track width must not exceed a maximum of 58.250 inches as measured wheel mounting face to wheel mounting face. CV joint mounting face to CV joint mounting face must not exceed 47.375 inches, as measured at ride height. The entire outer CV must remain inboard of the trailing arm inner bearing.
TR11 SHOCK ABSORBERS and BUMP STOPS
No limit on the number of shock absorbers and sizes of shock absorbers. No air or coil over shocks allowed.
TR12 SECONDARY SUSPENSION
No secondary suspension is allowed.
TR13 WHEELS and TIRES
Any rims allowed that will mount directly on VW drums. No wheel spacers allowed.
STEERING and BRAKE COMPONENTS
Steering system is open. Any tie rod and tie rod ends are allowed.
Any type and manufacture brake may be used as long as all other rules are adhered to. Turning brakes allowed.
Battery ignition only, no magnetos. Six or twelve volt systems may be used. Any manufacturer’s distributor may be used. Any VW type alternator or generator system in the stock location may be used.
Rear facing blue light is required.
TR22 FUEL TANKS
TR23 FUEL FILLERS LINES, VENTS, and CAPS
Fuel cell mandatory.
ENGINE, TRANSMISSION and DRIVELINES
TR24 ENGINE and ENGINE DISPLACEMENT
Engine must utilize VW series type 1, 1600cc, U.S. Model sedan components and dimensions. The maximum allowable engine displacement is 1600cc as delivered from the factory.
Any VW type 1,2,3 or “universal” case is allowed. The following modifications may be made to the stock case:
A. The case may be align bored.
B. The case may be drilled and tapped for oil pressure and/or temperature sending units.
C. The case may be machined to allow the installation of a crank pulley seal.
D. Case savers may be installed.
E. Cylinder seating surface may be machined.
F. Early case oil galleries (8mm) may be enlarged to the dimensions of the universal case (10mm).
G. Threaded oil gallery plugs are allowed.
Any manufacturer’s oil pump is allowed. No deep sumps, dry sumps, or sump alterations. Windage trays are allowed. The use of any oil bypass pistons and springs are allowed.
Any combination of stock fuel pump or electric pump may be used. Any fuel filters and fuel pressure regulators may be used.
Pistons must be stock 3 ring only. Pistons and cylinders may be any manufacture as long as original stock dimensions are maintained. Any type wrist pin retainers. Piston assemblies may be statically balanced to the equivalent weight in grams of the lightest original non balanced piston, wrist pin, etc.
Crankshaft must be stock VW. Crankshaft may be balanced. Crankshaft maximum journal re-sizing is limited to .030″ undersize. No polishing or lightening of crankshaft is allowed. Any crankshaft gear is allowed. Any manufacturer’s engine bearing may be used as long as the stock dimensions are maintained. Power pulleys are allowed. Pulleys may be balanced. Sand seals may be used. Any VW flywheel may be lightened and balanced. Flywheels may be eight dowel pinned and any gland nut and washer may be used. No aluminum flywheels are allowed. Any manufacturers clutch disc or pressure plate allowed but must retain original stock VW diameter. Clutch and pressure plate may be balanced. Connecting rods may be statically balanced, but not polished or profiled. Balanced weight of the connecting rods in grams should be equivalent to the lightest original non balanced stock rod. Connecting rods may be of any manufacture but must retain stock dimensions. Minimum rod weight is 580 grams.
Heads may be U.S. sedan stock single port or dual port or their equivalent. Heads may be flycut for clean up. No porting or polishing is allowed. Only dual port heads from Brazil, part number 040 101 375 2, 040 101 375 13, 040 101 375 19, MOFOCO head PN# MFC-CCHO40 or stock OEM heads will be allowed.
Intake manifold is restricted to a stock 34mm original equipment center section or its replacement . A 1½-inch (1.500) long by half-inch (.500) diameter tube may be weld two inches below carburetor flange. A maximum of a ¼ inch (.250) may be removed from each end of the center section for clearance. A slip tube with a 1 5/8 inch (1.625) diameter, two inches (2.000) long may be welded to the end of the runners to allow the use of a better hose connection. No porting or polishing.
End castings must be original equipment VW, with VW logo and part numbers. No porting, polishing, or matching of ports allowed. Balancing slot may be welded close. Vacuum hole may be plugged. A 34mm to 30 mm carburetor adapter must be used. The only carburetor adapter that is allowed is the EMPI part number 98-1293-B.
Camshaft, Valves, Lifters, and Rocker Arm(s)
Any camshaft, camshaft gear, valve spring retainers, valve springs or lifters are allowed. Valve spring seat diameter, in head, must remain stock VW. Valves must be stock 45 degrees. One piece valve are allowed. Valve guides may be steel, bronze or cast iron. Valve guide seals are allowed. No grinding or polishing in the port including valve guides. Any camshaft may be used which will allow the use of the standard stock VW 1600cc rocker arm(s). The rocker arm(s) may be resurfaced to permit the use of swivel feet or similar devices. No other grinding or changes to the rocker arm(s) are permitted. No roller or needle bearings will be allowed as part of the camshaft or as an interface between the rocker arm(s) and the camshaft. Push rods and push rod tubes may be of any manufacturer. Rocker arm valve adjustment screws and wave washers may be of any origin. Clips on rocker arms may be wire tied. Valve covers may be of any manufacture.
Aftermarket fan shrouds are allowed. Heater tubes are optional.
Air cleaner location is optional and may be of any manufacture. Velocity stacks may be used as long as they are not welded or bonded to the carburetor. Stock VW carbure¬tors 30 PICT 1, 2, or 3 or the Solex H-30-PIC replacement must be used. Maximum venturi size of carburetor is 24.10 mm. No internal modifications in the carburetor venturi or throttle blade area are allowed. This includes no removing of parts, no grinding, polishing, or filing. Intake manifolds must be stock VW. Intake manifolds may be cut to allow for head modifications. No chemical milling of manifold or carburetors. Automatic choke housing may be removed. Choke plate and shaft may be removed. Electric needle valves are optional. The stock float bowl vent may be moved and/or plugged. An external float bowl vent may be incorporated. Any air and main jet may be used.
Single seat restrictor plates are 24.0mm. Two (2) seat restrictor plates are 27.0mm. Carburetor stud must be drilled to allow wiring of restrictor plate. Restrictor plates only can be the only item installed between the carburetor and the intake manifold or adaptor. Provisions for safety wiring the carburetor and the intake manifold to prevent removal of the restrictor plate must be provided. All restrictor plates are sized, numbered, and anodized and may not be altered or tampered with in any way.
Low Compression Engine Option
1600cc maximum displacement with 8 to 1 compression ratio, must use same heads as high compression engine with same valve size and no porting at all. Stock VW end castings with VW part numbers must be used, no polishing allowed. An EMPI or WEBER 40 or 44 idf carb may be used and tube style intake manifold, No Plenum Manifolds allowed. Must use maximum 25mm venture for two seat and a maximum 24mm venture for single seat. Restrictor not required on low compression engines. This is a pump gas only engine option with a maximum of 91 Octane.
TR25 ENGINE REPLACEMENT
Must be stock VW type 1 or 2 transaxle housing. Any internal or external modifications to housing are allowed. No more than four (4) forward speeds are allowed. Any gear ratio combinations but only VW type gears (helical cut gears) may be used. Any internal modifications are allowed. May use aftermarket side covers.
TR29 DRIVE SHAFTS
TR30 FLYWHEEL SHIELDS
TR31 FLUID COOLERS
Any oil cooler is allowed. Location is optional. Full flow systems allowed. No deep sumps or dry sumps will be allowed.
TR32 AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
TR33 SUPERCHARGERS and TURBOCHARGERS
VEHICLE SAFETY EQUIPMENT
TR34 ROLL CAGES
TR35 SAFETY HARNESS
TR36 SAFETY NETS
GENERAL VEHICLE COMPONENTS
TR38 DRIVERS COMPARTMENT
TR39 DOORS AND LATCHES
Minimum dry weight 1550 pounds.
TR44 BUMPERS and HAZARDOUS PROTRUSIONS
TR46 SKID PLATES
TR48 CHASSIS and BODY
TR50 IDENTIFICATION MARKINGS
M400 will assign race numbers.
TR51 ADVERTISING on VEHICLES
TR52 RADIO EQUIPMENT
TR54 TRACKING DEVICE